Bombing Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay

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On August 1949, the United States dropped 2 atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, during the last period of World War II, killing more than 130,000 people. The atomic bomb was created by German chemists Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, in collaboration with the United Kingdom and Canada. The first bomb was created for Hiroshima and dropped on Monday August 6 1949. They called the bomb “Little boy”. “5–10 kilograms of isotopically enriched uranium-235” was needed to make the bomb. The other bomb was created for Nagasaki and dropped on Thursday August 9 1949. This bomb was called the “Fat man”. This bomb was made out of 8 kilograms of plutonium 239. Making the “Little boy” was much easier to make than the “Fat man”. The bombs detonated in the…show more content…
Both of them had the same plane to drop the bomb called the Enola Gay, a Boeing B-29 Superfortress. This gave a huge impact on Hiroshima and Nagasaki as it destroyed a lot of land. In Hiroshima, the bomb exploded over 1 mile radius while Nagasaki destroyed mountains and shielded most of the land but destroyed within half a mile. To make the Atomic bomb, you will need “a source of fissionable (when an atom or element is able to undergo nuclear fission) or fusionable fuel, a triggering device and a way to allow the majority of fuel to fission or fuse before the explosion occurs (otherwise the bomb will fizzle out)”. For both of the cities, the short-term effect is that they would have to rebuild the city (which takes quite a long time) and cleaning everything up. For the long-term effects, radioactive chemicals were still in the air, which was very dangerous. It takes a long time to completely take out the chemicals in the air, as it was everywhere and there were no ways in taking the radioactive chemicals out of the air. Scientists use different terms to measure the radiation coming from a radioactive source. The exposure of radiation absorbed by a person will suffer health effects/problems (biological

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