Biological Principles That Determine Function

491 Words2 Pages
Biology is the study of life, living organisms that include animals, protests, plants, fungi and bacteria. Some of them are visible by naked eye, and some need powerful microscopes to view. Biology has a lot of principles that allow us to study the characteristics of all forms of life and explore other broad principles in biology in advanced way. One of these principles is that structure determines function. Structure determines function: Everything around us has a job to do, this job is performed with the facilities we have and by the structure which specialize to implement a function. This function could be a chemical to release, contraction, handling or protection. Let's take an example to have a deeper look. Our bodies need energy to perform its functions, the needed energy is produced by the mitochondria. Mitochondria convert the food we eat in the form of organic molecules into chemical energy that can be used by the cell in the form of ATP molecules. This process…show more content…
If we look inside the mitochondria we can see that it consists of two membranes: the outer membrane and the inner membrane. The double membrane bound structure of the mitochondria is really important to the process of cellular respiration, because it allows the mitochondria to sort molecules for chemical process and it is optional membrane permeability that allows specific material to enter the mitochondria. The inner membrane has a folds fingerlings that extend to the inside and called cristae, these cristae increase the surface area, according to that the efficiently of producing ATP will increase. In addition to the structure of the mitochondria, the structure of the DNA also determines its function. DNA is the macro molecule that is used as the genetic material for living organisms,

More about Biological Principles That Determine Function

Open Document