Affective Factors In Second Language Acquisition

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Everything on Earth either plants or animals communicate with each other using language which is biologically inherited. However, human language is different since it is a symbolic system that is learned and not inherited. When we speak about symbolism of language, we mean that language can be represented by letters that stand for certain sounds. To be clearer, this easy sheds light on the concept of language in general and its definitions, what constituent's language has, and what linguistics is. Language can be identified as a means of human communication or as Pinker,S. (1994) explains: Language is a complex, specialized skill, which develops in the child spontaneously, without conscious effort or formal instruction, is deployed without…show more content…
This questions has always been under investigation. This essay highlights is one of the most important affective factors in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) that is age. Moreover, it also sheds light on various studies that addressed this issue and provides opinions and conclusions of some of the studies concerned with this important subject. The majority of SLA researchers claim that age is an affective factor plays a major role in second language acquisition. Thus, it is believed that younger learners have certain advantages over older learners in language learning. The common view is that younger children learn the second language easily and quickly in comparison to older children (Ellis, 2008; Larsen-Freeman, 2008; Mayberry & Lock, 2003). SLA theories and research suggested the role of age in second language acquisition. According to Lightbown and Spada (2008), learning depends on learners’ characteristics and the environment. Their results suggested that older learners have a higher level of problem solving and metalinguistics abilities than younger learners.Moreover, other researchers highlighted other problems that face older learners such pronunciation, syntax and grammatical morphemes. What follows is a presentation of some of the studies that dealt with second language acquisition…show more content…
The finding suggested that that learners of pre-teenage acquire second language better than older learners. In addition, he indicated that two other factors—length of residence and amount of instruction—are inseparable from the age factor. Johnson and Newport (quoted in Lightbown & Spada, 2008) found that native-like language abilities and the performance levels lower in older children than younger in a study of forty-six Chinese and Koreans speakers. On the other hand, Snow and Hoefnagel-Hohle (1982), conducted a study in Holland and concluded that adults learned faster than children and the rate of second language learning was higher. David Singleton (2003) also pointed out that the tendency for “younger learners to do better in the long run in the matter of second language lexical acquisition is no more than a tendency” (p.

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