Administrative Corruption In Nepal

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Chapter One 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Historical and political Background 1.1.1. Nepal a Brief review Nepal, a mountainous country in south Asia, had been united by then king Prithvi Narayan Shah during his reign, 1743-1775 AD. After his death his successors also continued unification process and extended the boarder of this nation by 1816 before the Sugauli Sandhi (a treaty done with the then British India at the place named Sugauli). The Gorkha conquest in the late eighteenth century united into the kingdom of Nepal a number of petty Hindu principalities and semi-autonomous tribal groups (Caplan, 1971). In 1846 Jang BahadurRana took over the reign and his Rana successors ruled the nation by 1951 for 104 years as a family rule. In 1951 democracy…show more content…
It cannot be separated completely from the government as well as from the entire society. So the issue is how to minimize it rather than mitigate. According to Tummala (2009) the main difficulties to control corruption are inadequate and inefficient enforcement mechanisms, lack of political will, and more importantly the cultural context of social tolerance and easy forgiveness. These kinds of difficulties exist to the most of the countries in the world. Administrative corruption is a problem with which all world countries have been grappling to a larger or lesser extent. Act on Disclosure of Information by Public Agencies, 1996 Act enacted in 1996 by the South Korean government with the intent of ensuring people's right to know and to secure participation of the people in State affairs. The Act is enforced to promote transparency in the operation of state affairs. Act provides an obligation to the government for disclosing the matters concerning the information possessed and managed by public…show more content…
Importantly, however, over the last twenty years it has gained widespread recognition in all regions of the world. This is reflected in authoritative statements signaling the importance of this right by a number of international bodies, including various UN actors and all three regional human rights systems, in specific guarantees for this right in many of the new constitutions adopted in countries undergoing democratic transitions and in the passage of laws and policies giving practical effect to this right by a rapidly growing number of countries and international organizations. A fundamental value underpinning the right to know is the principle of maximum disclosure, which establishes a presumption that all information held by public bodies should be subject to disclosure unless there is an overriding public interest justification for non-disclosure. Abdul W. K. (2003) also implies the introduction of effective mechanisms through which the public can access information, including request driven systems as well as proactive publication and dissemination of key

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