Who Is Augustus A Tyrant

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In 27 BC, Octavian renounced his consulship and declared that he was surrendering his power to the Senate. Octavian previously replaced many of the senators with his supporters; thusly the senate reciprocated and returned all authority to Octavian. The senate placed Octavian in control of foreign policy and Rome's military by naming him proconsular. The dilemma, however, for Octavian was to retain his power as the head of Rome, while preserving the traditional forms of the constitution. Tribunician power permitted him to call the senate or the assemblies to address domestic issues, and to veto the action of the magistrates. His supremacy and eminence were conveyed in the titles of Imperator Caesar Divi Filius Augustus and princeps. Augustus’ domestic policy differed from that of Julius Caesar. Augustus adopted a pacifying attitude toward the senate and endowed the body with dignity and some marginal power. The division of authority between the emperor and the legislature was an expression of the dichotomy of the imperial government.…show more content…
Fortunately, Octavian was a moral and ethical ruler. He created a dictatorship; however, Augustus was neither a tyrant nor a revolutionary. He accomplished his goals of rebuilding the constitution and the structure of government. Augustus did not interfere with old republican offices; he allowed them to remain as undisturbed as possible. Nevertheless, Octavian initiated restructuring of the departments of finance and public revenue of the empire. Augustus brought a greater portion of the Empire's land under direct taxation from Rome. Salaried civil service tax collectors replaced the old system of tax farming. Octavian laid the foundation of a national financial system. This characterized the progressive and intellectual philosophy of
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