Waste Management In Landfilling

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CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background Information Waste has been generated by all kinds of civilization in various forms either in solid or liquid. We have generated tones of waste before we find the better and proper way to dispose the waste. People are expose to all kinds of risks in their daily live such as underground water pollution, methane gas emission, air pollution, exploration of new landfill site and other human health problems due to the increasing of waste generation. Unfortunately, simple expedient solutions are no longer sufficient to solve the disposal problems as society becomes more advanced. Any non-hazardous or solid waste from combination of commercial, industrial and domestic waste can be defined as municipal solid…show more content…
We have many options of solid waste management such as reuse, recycling, incinerating and landfilling. However, the residue that have been produce by other process besides landfilling also need to be disposed off properly. The process at the land filling is a continual process that need to be taken care of from time to time. The land filling is more cost effective with the applicable method of waste disposal that have been done and the public have become more concern of the adverse health effect of improper land filling. Hazard to human health, unwanted pollution to the environment and public discomfort is the example of the impact of bad land filling. We can provide cleaner land filling practices as the important initial steps if we can identified the problems and what causing…show more content…
(Fatta et al., 1999; USEPA, 1984;). Groundwater underflow or infiltration from precipitation always subjected by waste placed in landfills or open dumps. Some of the dumped solid wastes gradually release its initial interstitial water and some of its decomposition by-products get into water moving through the waste deposit. "Leachate" is the liquid containing innumerable organic and inorganic compounds. The leachate will percolates through the soil and accumulates at the bottom of the landfi Areas near landfills have a greater possibility of groundwater contamination because of the potential pollution source of leachate originating from the nearby site. Local resource user and natural environment are having a substantial risk due to contamination of groundwater resource. In recent years, the impact of landfill leachate on the surface and groundwater has given rise to a number of studies. (Saarela, 2003;Abu- Rukah and Kofahi, 2001; Looser et al., 1999;Christensen.et al.,1998; De Rosa et al., 1996 Flyhammar, 1995). Many approaches have been used to assess the contamination of underground water. It can be assessed either by their estimation through mathematical modeling or the experimental determination of the impurities. (Moo-Young et al.,2004;Hudak, 1998;Stoline et al.,1993; and Butwa et

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