The Coral Reef Ecosystem

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Physiology Research Paper Materializing as individual forms of fossil records for over 400 million years, coral are known to be a highly archaic animal which many believed evolved into contemporary reef-construction that formed for the last 25 million years. Considered the biggest framework on earth, the biological origin and heterogeneous system provides the longest growth within the ecological community. A coral reef resonates thousands of years of historical/scientific data; and provides the greatest order of colonial organisms which is made up of an idiosyncratic biological structure. Environment When you mention environment, there are specific details that must be describe in order to receive a complete picture of how the coral reef…show more content…
As they secrete calcium carbonate skeletons, they create a complex three dimensional framework upon which an abundance of coral species and other marine plants and animals may live. Approximately 25% of all marine life on the planet can be found in corals reefs” (para. 1). The function of the coral reef can be explained by many examples. When large storms arrive, coral reels can be utilized to protect against certain types of waves. However, it will be inefficient against tsunami type waves. One of their main functions is to stockpile a large amount of sand to beaches, be a great patron to the commercial fisheries industry, and larger contributor of medicine because of the organisms’ ability to carry chemical compounds. It also supports tourism in the likes of snorkeling and Scuba-diving. “Coral reef frameworks can serve as physical buffers for ocean waves and currents. As waves pass over a reef structure, their energy can be reduced by 75-95% which can lessen their impact as they reach the shore. This not only protects the coastline from erosion but prevents damage to and/or loss of seagrass beds, mangrove forests, coastal settlements and infrastructure” ("The Coral Reef Ecosystem",…show more content…
The coral reefs efficiency in regulating and providing sustainment to heterogeneity of the beaches shows the role which is integral for niche diversification. The distinction, which carries an arduous enviromental angle must encounter the coral reef to the enviromental extremes. Although the coral reef remains limited, local adaptation seems to come over genetic divergence. Different Environment According to "Coral Reef Restoration" (2014), “Through the project we are piloting the first-ever large scale active reef restoration project in the region using ‘coral gardening’. Coral gardening involves collecting small pieces of healthy coral, raising them in underwater nurseries and then transplanting them to degraded sites that have been affected by coral bleaching. 50,000 fragments of coral have been raised in underwater nurseries and a further 15,000 transplanted in degraded areas” (para. 1). There are some success with the collection of large quantities of coral reefs being transplanted and checked, the results seem to be positive in nature. There are studies that involve 30 scientific divers with the technical experience in restoration techniques. The studies received positive feedback which indicates that manmade colonies would be efficient, and could adapt to hotter climate

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