The Bargaining Model Of War

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War is a condition or a state of armed conflict between different communities or nations. Among its features is death rate, the distraction of property and aggression with the use of regular or irregular military forces which are heavily armed. An absence of war is normally referred to as peace. It has been argued that war arises from socio-cultural and economic factors.Other arguments state that war arises from universal and ancestral aspects of humankind’s nature and life (Doyle, 1997). Wars recur and occur especially in circumstances and conditions when decisions made involves rational and careful actors. War sometimes end in negotiated settlements or bargaining agreements or can and do end in the military defeat of one side of the…show more content…
It is a means of representing the possible losses and gains and an ultimate result of the war between two parties as an interaction of bargaining. Carl Von Clausewitz was the first individual to give meaning to war as an interaction of a bargaining agreement. He argued that war by itself has no value, and therefore no one pursues war without possessing an objective or a purpose. The reduction of the cold war during the 1950s was boosted by bargaining theory. It was agreed that war cannot stop with the victory of the military but with bargaining. In the 1980s, formal bargaining model of wars was introduced. The bargaining model of war is a means of representing war as a political action instead economic or social. This model explains what causes war itself and the effects of war as bargaining differences over the allocation of recourses. Bargaining is an interaction or an agreement between two or more parties where one party benefits without incurring a loss which is the vice versa of cooperative interaction or agreement whereby all the parties involved enjoy the…show more content…
Fearon. They include indivisibility of the good, commitment problems and uncertainty. Indivisibility of the good means the actors may go to war if they believe that a particular product or good is not subdivided but controlled in its entirety. Commitment problems are a condition whereby one party has a challenge to committing not to utilize the strength of the military in the future. The risk of being confronted may lead to one party beginning a preventive war or a preemptive war which possibly will be instigated by a first-attack advantage. Uncertainty is a condition where an actor overestimates hi own capabilities and resolving his opponent and begins a

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