Second Language Acquisition Case Study

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FOSSILIZATION IN L2 ACQUISITION There are several differences between first and second language acquisition: L1 is intuitive, natural, complete and trigger by birth. L2 in general is a choice, depends on the motivation of the learners and the difficult relies in achieving native proficiency. Related to second language acquisition, Selinker introduced the term ‘interlanguage’: "the process of learning a second language (L2) is characteristically non-linear and fragmentary, marked by a mixed landscape of rapid progression in certain areas but slow movement, incubation or even permanent stagnation in others. (Selinker, 1972) "Interlanguage reflects the learner's evolving system of rules, and results from a variety of processes, including the…show more content…
As the result of inaccurate lexical and syntactic patterns, errors become systematized and are difficult to correct. Communication strategy As Ellis (2002) defined, the cognitive component of procedural knowledge is composed of the various mental process involved in both internalizing and automatizing new L2 knowledge and using L2 knowledge along with other knowledge sources to communicate in L2. It’s evident that these processes involve L2 learning and using, where the former concerns learning strategy and the latter communication strategy. In real communication, learners may turn to communication strategy, a systematic skill that a speaker resorts to while having difficulties in expression to keep the communication going on. Unfortunately, sometimes such “successful use of communication strategies will prevent acquisition Overgeneralization involves the use of existing L2 knowledge by extending it to new target language forms. It happens when people apply a grammatical without considering the exceptions. Despite everything mentioned, H.Douglas Brown considers this process as a reversible condition and it can be overcome with proper instruction and positive…show more content…
Researchers that temporarily arrested IL development can be susceptible to defossilization. It has also been referred to by Sims as soft fossilization or jellification. TYPES • Phonological: The difference of phonology is one of the differences between languages. When the repetitions of phonological errors as consequence from the incorrect acquisition of pronunciation of L2, probably affected by L1 are repeated and stay in an incorrect way is where fossilization occurs. • Morphological: English has got a variety of changes in morphology and therefore has various grammatical morphemes. The most common problems lay in two aspects, inflectional morpheme and article. • Syntactic: As every language has their own syntactic rules, when learners cannot make clear distinction between L1 and L2, they have to turn to their instinct for help, therefore, fossilization occurs. • Semantic: refers to the use of language forms that exist in the second language but do not represent the meanings learners mean to express in the context. • Pragmatic: As pragmatics and semantics are closely related, fossilization is interrelated and overlapping. Inappropriate language use results many times in

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