Anti-Natal Policy In China

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An anti-natal policy is a policy that tries to reduce and limit the birth rate, as well as fertility rate in order to reduce the population growth. (BBC Bitesize) This is aimed to control the population growth to avoid overpopulation in many large countries such as China, Nigeria, India and Uganda. (Maps of World) China was popular for operating the world’s most “severe “and “controversial” but “successful” anti-natal policy, which is called the ‘One Child’ policy. (Nagle, and Cooke) The ‘One Child’ policy is a population control policy, as well as a family planning programme where Chinese married couples are restricted to only having one child. This policy was imposed in 1979 by the Chinese government to slow their rapid population growth.…show more content…
The policy had a drastic impact: the birth rate fell to 17 per 1000 from its 1970 rate of 33. (Nagle, and Cooke) The policy had prevented as many as 400 million births and the population growth declined from 5.7 percent in 1960 to 1.5 percent in 2011. (Population Policies in Asia) In 2013, China’s annual population growth was 5.0 percent, which decreased by a lot compared to 1.6 percent in 1980, showing a very sharp reduction. (World Bank) The fertility rate in China fell from 2.63 births per women in 1980 to 1.61 in 2009 well below the replacement level of 2.1. (World Bank) Therefore, their main goal has been met successfully and their decline in birth and fertility rates played a major role in China’s demographic transition. Currently, China’s population is at 1.3 billion people for 8 years, showing a steady and controlled population growth. (Worldometers) Moreover, there were many incentives that came along with this policy. They were given higher wages, increased access to better education and healthcare, employment and access to better housing as well as financial governmental assistance (Rosenberg, Matt) Also, women receive free contraception and pre-natal classes to help prepare them well before getting pregnant. The average Chinese household spends fewer resources in terms of time and money for children; therefore it gives many Chinese more money to invest in other…show more content…
The Chinese government has predicted that the population will peak at 1.5 billion in 2033 and then begin falling to 1.3 billion by 2050. (Nagle, and Cooke) This is due to the declining birth/fertility rates. Some people believe that it is expected to achieve zero population growth by 2025. By 2050, China’s population growth rate will be -0.5 percent. (Rosenberg, Matt) The sex ratio of the population is distorted, as there are more males than females. There is a disparate ratio of 118 male to every 100 female births above the global average, which is between 103/107 boys to every 100 girls. (Nagle, and Cooke) This reflects on Chinese families’ cultural/traditional preference of wanting a male, calling them “little emperors”. They are valued highly than females. Millions of female infants were born that have been aborted, neglected, abandoned, or died from infanticide. Some women were forcibly sterilized as well. (Case Study:

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