Oil Palm Case Study

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INTRODUCTION OIL PALM The oil palm which the scientific name is Elaeis guineensis. It comes from a species of palm and commonly called African oil palm or macaw-fat. It originates from tropical rain forest regions of South and West Africa, specifically the area between Angola and the Gambia. They are used in commercial agriculture is the production of palm oil. The species now are extensively cultivated in Malaysia and Indonesia since there are the tropical countries which together produce most of the world supply. CROPPING • The term cropping represents the crops and crop sequences and the management techniques used on a particular field over a period of years. • Cropping pattern that use on a farm and their interactions with resources,…show more content…
The crops may be seeded at the same time or they may be seeded at different times. The crops grown in intercropping should have complementary effects rather competitive effects. The subsidiary crop should be have a shorter duration and of faster growing habits to utilize the early slow growing period of main crop and they must be harvested when main crops starts growing. Component crops should have similar agronomic practices. Erect growing crops must be intercropped with cover crops like pulses. These will check the weeds and reduce soil erosion. The losses of water due to evaporation are also will be reduced. The component crops should have different root depths for minimize competition for nutrients, water and root respiration. The most common goal of intercropping is to produce a greater yield on a given piece of land by making use of resources that would otherwise not be utilized by a single crop. The planting method and management should be simple, less time consuming, economical and profitable so that it may have wider adoptability. Component crops of similar pests and disease pathogens and parasites infestations should not be chosen. TYPES OF INTERCROPPING There are many types of intercropping involves. 1. Mixed Intercropping • Growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land with no distinct row arrangement. 2. Row intercropping • Growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land with distinct row arrangement. It is simply referred as ‘intercropping’. 3. Strip Intercropping • Growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land in strips. It is wide enough to allows independent cultivation but narrow enough for the crops to interact

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