Natural Disasters In Jammu And Kashmir

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Disasters are part of our lives. It is impossible to live in a totally risk free environment. In September 2014 unprecedented floods in Jammu & Kashmir tell the tale of human misery not witnessed by this state in over 100 years. The devastation caused by the floods was terrible. It claimed over three hundred human lives and destroyed everything that came in its way-residential houses, schools, colleges, hospitals, paddy fields, orchards, government, business and commercial establishments. The destruction around has left the entire society traumatized. The signs of history, art, culture, heritage, architecture and pristine natural beauty stand ruined. It was a disaster of international ramifications a case on urban flooding and need to be studied…show more content…
Natural disasters like flood ,earthquake, landslide, , cyclone, forest fire, volcanic eruption and major accidents are quite common in different parts of the world. These lead to the loss of life, property damage and socio-economic destruction. According to a 2004 report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), about 75 percent of the world’s population was affected at least once by natural disasters during the 20 year period from 1980 to 2000. Nature presents humankind with a set of opportunities and risks which vary greatly in their spatial distribution . The aim of the present study is to analyze the 2014 flood of Kashmir valley, Jammu and Kashmir. Kashmir Valley has a moderate climate, which is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Karakoram Range in the north, Pir Panjal Range in the south and west and Zanskar Range in the east. It can be generally described as cool in the spring and autumn, mild in the summer and cold in the winter. As a large valley with significant differences in geo-location among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly areas compared to the flat lower part. Summer is usually mild and fairly dry, but relative humidity is generally high and the nights are cool. The precipitation occurs throughout the year and no month is particularly dry. .Jhelum originates from Verinag spring in Anantnag and after passing through Srinagar it flows into Wular lake and then passing through Baramula and Uri it flows to Pakistan .Kashmir valley is divided into three sub-regions including South Kashmir(Anantnag, Kulgam ,Pulwama and Shopian ,Central Kashmir(Srinagar, Budgam and Ganderbal districts),North Kashmir (Baramulla, Bandipora and Kupwara districts) The Jhelum River is the

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