Wet evergreen forest
The wet evergreen forest has canopy of green foliage throughout the year. It is characterized by evergreen trees of more than 30-m height, smooth and thin bark, with buttressed trunk or root on three sides like a tripod that protects them from falling during a storm. The forest is made of multi-layered tree structures; shrubs are found close to the ground (under storey), followed by short trees (middle storey), and tall trees at the top (top storey). Ferns, different species of orchids, mosses and aroids are quite common. This kind of forests are mainly found in the high rainfall areas of the Western Ghats, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Eastern Himalayas and north-eastern region. Major changes in wet evergreen forest were…show more content… It is found in parts of Deccan plateau and coastal plains mainly in Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Dry evergreen forest occupies limited areas in the southern peninsula and only 2.4 thousand ha showed significant decrease in greenness mainly over Andhra Pradesh state (Table 2a).
Tropical semi-evergreen…show more content… The species from Lauraceae family are predominant in Western Ghats. The forests in the lower ranges of Eastern Himalayas are reported to be highly vulnerable due to shifting cultivation and forest fires. Sub-tropical broad leaved forest was observed to have significant decreased in seasonal greenness over 321.13 thousand ha (15.6 % of the total forest type: Table 2d). This was mainly concentrated in the north eastern region of India i.e. Arunachal Pradesh (244.08 thousand ha), Meghalaya (24.7 thousand ha), Manipur (13.58 thousand ha), Mizoram (11.75 thousand ha), Nagaland (8.4 thousand ha), Assam (7.98 thousand