Mesopotamia Compare And Contrast

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Comparing and Contrasting Mesopotamia and Egypt Mesopotamia and Egypt have a lot of similarities and differences. The Fertile Crescent includes the lands facing the Mediterranean Sea and a plain that became known as Mesopotamia, which means “in between the rivers”. Mesopotamia is in between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Egypt is in the Northeastern corner of Africa. Mesopotamia is to the north and east of Egypt. Both places have different geography which affected the way their government and religion developed. The geography of both Mesopotamia and Egypt are different. Mesopotamia lies on the eastern end of the Fertile Crescent. The Fertile Crescent is a crescent shaped region that is made of very good farmland and soil. Along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, civilizations arose and…show more content…
In Mesopotamia, Sumerians believed that many different gods controlled the various forces of nature, or polytheism. They described theirs gods as being like humans yet they also believed that their gods were both immortal and all-powerful. Humans were their servants. Gods could strike at any time when angry so to keep them happy they built ziggurats and offered them rich sacrifices. In the afterlife, they believed that If they were good you would eat dust but if you were bad the gods would eat your soul. The Egyptians were polytheistic, just like the Mesopotamians. They honored the gods by building huge temples for them. In contrast to the Mesopotamians, Egyptians believed in a continued life after death and that they would be judged by their deeds. The god Anubis of the underworld would weigh your heart on a scale with a feather. To win eternal life your heart must weigh no heavier than a feather to live forever in the beautiful Other World. If your heart was heavier than the feather, it meant that you were sinful and your soul would be eaten. People of all classes were also mummified so the body can be
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