MMR Vaccine

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Ashley Robinson MCB 2010C Dr. Kidd 18 September 2015 MMR Vaccine The MMR vaccine; also known as the Measles, Mumps, and Rubella vaccine, is a mixture of live weakened versions of the three disease viruses. It is administered through injection, and is a highly recommended safety precaution against disease. The MMR vaccine is used to reduce a person’s susceptibility to measles, mumps, or rubella. Measles is an infection that occurs in childhood caused by a virus. It is usually noticed at onset by fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes and is extremely contagious. It generally takes about1-1/2 to 2 weeks for the signs and symptoms of measles to appear. A few days after the symptoms begin, there may be small white spots inside the…show more content…
In the last 10 years, the cases of measles reported globally have decreased significantly; however, there have been a number of large outbreaks, mainly centralized in Africa and Europe. The Americas, including Canada and the United States, have experienced outbreaks of measles, from the virus being brought in from other regions. Travelers without immunity to measles (those who have not been fully vaccinated or have not been previously infected with the disease) have an increased risk of infection. This is aggravated by travel through international airports and may increase your chance of contact to the disease. (13) “With the exception of countries with high coverage of mups-containing vaccines, the annual mumps incidence in most parts of the world is in the range 100–1000 per 100 000 population, with epidemic peaks every 2–5 years.” (14) Rubella is most prevalent in countries where young women are unable to have access to immunization. Congenital rubella syndrome is at a much higher rate for these women, and occurs from a woman contracting rubella while pregnant. In April 2012, the Measles Initiative began a new Global Measles and Rubella Strategic Plan that covers the period 2012-2020. It holds goals for countries in the department of vaccination for MMR. By the end of 2015 they are “expected to reduce global measles deaths by at least 95% compared with 2000…show more content…
“The virus becomes more able to grow and reproduce in the chick embryo cells which make it less capable of growing in a child’s skin or lungs.” (5) This vaccine is administered by injection either a single one or a series of two shots. In a child the vaccine allows the diseases to replicate a little before they are eliminated from the body. This gives the opportunity for the immune system to encounter the disease and produce and store antibodies to fight against it, on the occasion that it could be reintroduced to the body. A child should receive the first shot when they are between 12-15 months, and the second when they are between 4-6 years of age.

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