Essay On Yellow Fever

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2.2.8 YELLOW FEVER Yellow fever is a zoonosis indigenous to some tropical and subtropical regions of South America and Africa. It has caused numerous epidemics with high mortality rates throughout history. Its etiologic agent is the yellow fever virus, an arbovirus of the genus Flavivirus (family Flaviviridae).27 The virus is transmitted to people by the bite of an infected mosquito. Illness ranges in severity from a self-limited febrile illness to severe liver disease with bleeding. Yellow fever disease is diagnosed based on symptoms, laboratory testing, physical findings and travel history, including the possibility of exposure to infected mosquitoes. There is no specific treatment for yellow fever; care is based on symptoms. Steps to prevent…show more content…
However, you can treat the symptoms to make yourself more comfortable while you’re sick. You can usually return to work or school about one week or 10 days after a doctor diagnoses your mumps, if you feel up to it. By this point, you’re no longer contagious. Mumps usually runs its course in a couple of weeks. Ten days or one week into your illness, you should be feeling better Complications from mumps are rare, but they can be serious if left untreated. Mumps mostly affects the parotid glands. However, it can also cause inflammation in other areas of the body, including the reproductive organ and brain. Some of these complications include; Ochitis, Swelling of the ovaries in female, meningitis or encephalitis, pancreatitis and permanent hearing loss in about 5 out of every 10,000 cases. The virus damages the cochlea, one of the structures in your inner ear that facilitates hearing. 33 Mumps can be prevented by the use of vaccine. Most infants and children receive a vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) at the same time. The first MMR shot is generally given between the ages of 12 and 15 months at a routine well-child visit. A second vaccination is necessary for school-aged children between 4 and 6 years

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