Low Back Pain Case Study

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THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND 1.0 INTRODUCTION Pain, according to O’Sullivan, Schmitz, & Fulk (2014) is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of damage. It may be acute, persistent or recurrent or chronic. Chronic pain persists for 3-6 months or more. Among the types of pain, low back pain is the 2nd most common reason for physician visits. Occurring below the 12th rib and above the gluteal folds,(Sikiru & Hanifa, 2010) the term refers to pain of variable duration in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it is has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli. It is one of the most common causes of musculoskeletal disorder related to work status and condition. It occurs in similar proportions in all cultures and interferes with quality of life and work performance(Keriri, 2013).Low back pain has particularly high prevalence all over the world affecting almost 90% of the universal population(Hinmikaiye & Bamishaiye, 2012). Because of this, (Slade & Keating, 2009)…show more content…
The purpose of exercises for the treatment of low back pain is to strengthen and increase endurance of muscles that support the spine and improve flexibility in areas that have stiffness. The most common exercises used to treat low back pain are lumbar stabilization and core strengthening exercises that strengthen the muscles that support the spine. It usually begins with training the deep stabilizers (multifidi and transversus abdominis) then the exercises progress to more complex dynamic and functional tasks, sometimes called motor control exercises because the precision of movement is the goal, rather than simply gaining global strength or flexibility. (Ojoga, Davila & Marinescu,

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