King Charles I: The Cause Of The English Revolution

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The English Revolution began on August 22nd, 1642. This conflict occurred because of the continuous political battle between Parliamentarians/ Roundheads and the Royalists. Roundheads were known for supporting the Parliament during this time of great divide between the King and his Parliament. Royalists were known for supporting the King, Charles I, during this time of conflict. During his rule. King Charles I ruled without any discourse from Parliament. At first the conflict did not begin as a Revolution towards Republic and the termination of the monarchy. Charles I believed he ruled by the Divine Right of Kings. This means that he was King by the Will of God and his decisions could not be questioned or denied. Those who believed that Parliament…show more content…
An army needed to be raised in order to shut down the rebellion, but debate sparked over who would be responsible for raising this army: the king or parliament. The Irish rebellion also reignited fears of Roman Catholic plots towards Protestantism in England, Scotland, and Ireland (Britpolitics). In response to this ongoing fear the Grand Remonstrance was introduced into the House of Commons. This document suggested that the King had been ill-advised by his counselors, “which included Bishops and ‘Jesuited Papists’”(britpolitics). It was thought that these people were working for the interests of foreign power. This compromised political and religious reforms that were approved by Congress prior to the document. The Grand Remonstrance demanded that the advisors mentioned be removed immediately and replaced by advisors Parliament approved of. The House of Commons passed this document with little majority. In response King Charles declared “there was no Church which practiced “…the true religion with more purity of doctrine than the Church of England…”” (britpolitics). His view on religion gained the King major support in the House of Lords and among the people. However, shortly after this gain in support the King entered the House of Commons with armed escorts and arrested five members of Parliament for treason. This act angered many people and caused him to loose support do to his abuse of…show more content…
Religion warranted the other causes of the war and often times was the greatest argument throughout England. Roman Catholics and Protestants were constantly facing conflict. Charles I began his reign with religious tension when he married Henrietta Marie of France, a Roman Catholic. The treaty created in response to their marriage said that Henrietta would be allowed to practice her religion freely. It was also added that restrictions for Catholics who refused to attend the Anglican Church services would be lifted (britpolitics). The Protestants of England felt as though the Catholics could not be trusted and were greatly feared. This fear and distrust began with the reign of Roman Catholic queen, Mary I (Bloody Mary). During Mary’s reign many Protestants were persecuted instilling the fear of Catholics. At this time the memory of “the attempted invasion of England by Roman Catholic Phillip II of Spain in 1588 (The Spanish Armada); the Gunpowder Plot of 1605, a Catholic plot to blow up James I in the Houses of Parliament; and the on-going Thirty Years War, ultimately a religious conflict which saw Roman Catholic nations trying to wipe out Protestantism in Europe” built up the fears and distrust of Catholics (britpolitics). Many Protestants of England believed that Charles leaned towards Catholic ideology. He preferred a type of worship that involved ceremonies, rituals, and extravagant ornamentation. Charles believed

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