Juvenile Prison

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Juvenile Prison In America, demographers predict that one in three children will be arrested by the age of twenty-three (Bernstein 7). The juvenile prison did not exist until the end of the nineteenth century. When first established, the ideal was to rehabilitate, not to punish, troubled youth. “Houses of Refuge” were established, first in New York, to provide youth with education and employment. Now, juvenile containment centers are all over the United States. Juvenile prison is a complex system in the United States, from the history of juvenile prisons in the United States to the expenses of incarceration of juveniles, abuse, racial disparity, and flawed practices in juvenile detention centers. Juvenile prison was created in the…show more content…
Crimes are committed within a building that has a purpose it to keep society safe. Yet, those being held from the outside world at a young age may not be safe behind bars. With a purpose of rehabilitation, it is problematic that abuse is an active in threat in juvenile detainment centers. Sexual abuse is a serious problem in juvenile prison. Findings from a recent survey found that twelve percent, or over three thousand young adults, had been sexually abused over the previous year. One in ten had been abused by a member of the staff (Bernstein 104). With high numbers of abuse, specifically high numbers of abuse that staff is responsible for, it is clear that juvenile detainment is a complex system. One must be able to keep juveniles safe while rehabilitating them. It is known that the frontal lobe region of the brain in young adults is underdeveloped, “this region of the brain (responsible for capacities such as connecting an action to a consequence or considering its impact on others) is not fully developed until the mid-twenties)” (Bernstein 98). However, juveniles facing time for their lack of judgments also face the risk of an abusive guard. Juveniles feel threatened in the confined spaces in which they should be finding rehabilitation. A study in California found that the rate of suicide attempts in juvenile halls is close to twenty-four thousand youths per year” (Bernstein 99). With abuse in the system, it is another factor that makes the ideal rehabilitation of youth just more
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