Impact Of Democracy On Economic Growth

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THE IMPACT OF DEMOCRACY ON ECONOMIC GROWTH INTRODUCTION Does democracy lead to economic growth? The relationship between political democracy and economic growth has been the center of thought for the past fifty years. A section of nationwide research has shown that a theoretical division of the effects of democratic regimes against authoritarian regimes on growth is accompanied by ambiguous empirical results that lead to an unresolved resolution of an agreement. Democracy supporters argue that citizens motivation for work and investment, the effective allocation of resources on the market, and the maximization of private profit can be within the scope of freedom, free information and property control (North 1990). Democrats can…show more content…
Hobbes (1651), who for the first time has supported the view of conflict, according to Hobbes, absolute regimes gain more general improvement in public welfare because they cannot promote their own interests in other cases. Huntington (1968) also agrees with this view. Huntington argues that democracy has weak and delicate political institutions, and they demand popular spending on profitable investment. Democratic governments are vulnerable to recourse to low-income groups and directly impossible by leaseholders for beneficial activities (Krueger 1974, Bhagwati 1982). Non-democratic regimes can implement the tough economic policies that are essential for growth, and stop the growing demands on the growth of income for low-income and working people in general, as well as the lack of social employment due to, religious, class struggles and ethnic. Democrats can not suppress such conflicts. Markets must be the first to promote economic growth, and authoritarian regimes can easily facilitate such policies. Moreover , some level of progress is needed to advance democracy (Lipset's hypothesis, 1959). In sum, this view means that political democracy is a luxury advantage that is not possible by developing countries. Other advocates of the conflict view and the government's rigorous decree in the economy are Galenson (1959), Andreski (1968), Huntington and Dominguez (1975), Rao (1984-5) and Haggard (1990). After the success stories…show more content…
The theory has prevented traditional barriers to adaptive argument since various aspects of the growth issues of the broader institutions have been identified. For example, researchers have separated political democracy from political democracy. Factors such as the protection of property rights, commercial laws, credit and the labor market, which have previously been devoted to political democracy, are now regarded as part of economic democracy. The analysis of economic freedom indicators from the Fraser Institute (by Gwartney and Lawson, 1996, 2000, 2003) and the Heritage Foundation (by O'Driscoll et al. 2003) has shown that economic freedom as well as other aspects is equally relevant to grow (see Doucouliagos and Ulubasoglu 2006). Heretofore, the features of political democracy, such as regulatory quality, political instability, government efficiency, rule of law and corruption, were partially or totally connected to political democracy. It is also associated with further growth. Recently, the World Bank introduced the "Doing Business" aspect of corporate issues. Specifically Djankoy et al. (2002a, 2002b, 2005), Djankoy, McLiesh and Shleifer (2005) and Botero et al. (2004) has assessed business rules and set the degree of comfort of the private sector in

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