How Did The Industrial Revolution Affect Society

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The Industrial Revolution was a time period from the 18th to 19th century in which rural cities in Europe and America transformed into industrial urban societies. Before the Industrial Revolution, virtually everything was produced by hand. Manufacturing was primarily done in homes using basic hand tools and machines. Many families lived and worked on farms and in rural areas of America, usually producing the bulk of their own food, clothing, and furniture. Once the Industrial Revolution began in the late 1700s in Britain, many changes were made to society and American lives were impacted greatly. Some of the changes made during the Industrial Revolution were the transformation of the textile and iron industries, the rise of mass production…show more content…
Many at-home workers began to pick up their lives and move them to more urban cities so they could work in the newly created factories. In the factories, workers worked on newly created inventions such as the spinning jenny to spin cotton and other textiles for goods to be sold to the public. The use of factories in the Industrial Revolution provided more jobs for people, which helped people make a living during the 1700s. In 1813, the Lowell factory system was created in Waltham, Massachusetts. George Brown Tindall and David Emory Shi, authors of America: A Narrative History, described the Lowell system as, “…the first factory in which the processes of spinning and weaving by power machinery were brought together under one roof, with every process mechanized, form the production of the raw material to that of the finished cloth” (386). By all processes being done under the same roof, the Lowell factory system made work a little easier for the factory workers as well as created a more efficient process for everyone in the textile industry. This factory system was just one of the many factories in America that started to bloom during the Industrial

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