Health Poverty In Zambia

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First of all, when comparing these three countries, we found that there are some positive relationships between GDP per capita and health expenditure per capita. When income for overall economy increases, the fraction spending on Health tends to increase too. As the government, we may consider health as one type of investments because it can improve labor productivity and human capital. El salvador has the highest GDP per capita, following with Indonesia and Zambia, respectively (figure 4.1). However, Indonesia’s health expenditure is not consistent with the assumption which it is as low as Zambia (figure 4.2). This might come from a financial crisis in 2008 which led to the stagnancy in health care financing, particularly for the poor. Moreover,…show more content…
In this case, there is a negative relationship between the health spending and the infant mortality rate. The next indicator is cause of death by communicable diseases and maternal, prenatal and nutrition conditions. Even though Zambia and Indonesia have relatively equal in health expenditure per capita, this rate for Zambia goes up further from for Indonesia. It is not surprisingly because Zambia has healthcare system rank equal to 182th out of 190 countries while Indonesia has only 92th. In addition, the HIV/AIDS prevalence rate in Zambia ranks 7th highest in the world. So, in this case, there is a negative relationship as well. For the cause of death by injury, it is non- significance to the spending on health. Although El Salvador has the highest expenditure among these three counties, this rate still high because a country has very high levels of crime and fears. Its homicide rate in 2008 is much higher according to WHO. The last indicator is cause of death by non-communicable diseases (NCDs) (% of total). Based on our observations, the relationships between health expenditure per capita and cause of death by NCDs are non-significance. The risk factors,…show more content…
While, some health outcomes is not resultant from the health expenditure that much such as cause of death by injury and non-communicable diseases since these indicators are most affected by the environment factors and public health risks. To solve this problem, the government can impose some framework to control a specific health concern. However, spending more on health does not guarantee that the health outcome will be surely improved. It depends on whether the government can manage it in the effective way or

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