Five Key Characters For Effective Teams

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BLOCK 5 ASSIGNMENT PART 1 The tribes and patient safety by Weller: Teams deliver the modern healthcare not individuals and requires multi-disciplinary support. These teams are composed of multiple skilled specialties and professions, and the final goal is to deliver the best healthcare to the patient. Each specialty has own background and culture. Features of effective teams: Salas proposed a model for five key characters for efficient teams: 1. Team leadership, is responsible for coordinating and planning tasks, in addition to this, team development, stimulation and creating a good environment are additional resposibilies. 2. Mutual performance monitoring which identifies lapses or overwhelmed members with tasks and supervise other…show more content…
Backup behavior, to provide needed support to members of the team and redistribute the workload between members which needs a better understanding of the tasks of the team members. 4. Adaptability, team should be flexible to accept changes in the environment and be able to make the necessary changes in the management plan with a better response. 5. Team orientation, which is about the willingness of the whole team members to identify and accept the general goals of the group, and to consider this to have more importance than the individual goals. These characters are coordinated by the following factors which include: mutual trust mechanisms, closed-loop communication and shared mental models. To achieve these five characters of efficient teams, the team members must have respect and trust to each other , so giving and receiving feedback will be smooth about their performance, also the members must have good communication skills so the information will be conveyed accurately, and must have a shared mental model. MANSOUR ALSAFLAN Shared mental models will help in a better situation understanding, management plan, and the assignments of the multiple team…show more content…
This factor may act as a barrier for communication and sharing information. For example, a nurse who is taking the best care for the patient, may not be available when there is a decision about the patient. The Nut Island Effect by Levy: This team was composed of 80 or so men and women who worked in Nut Island sewage treatment plant in Quincy, Massachusetts, from the late 1960s until it was decommissioned in 1997. Majority of them came from military services who are hard workers and committed. The military background had affected the group dynamics in form of work ethics, respect and to depend on each other to survive. They had a poor and deficient linkage with the higher authorities in Boston City. Levy described the 5 steps for failure as: 1. The main focus of the higher authorities was on the clear problems which lead to a higher degree of autonomy to the staff. With time, members of the team started to have special identity. 2. Feedback or concerns of the team members were ignored by the higher management which caused the team to feel betrayed if the was a

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