benefits humans get from nature and it is crucial to understand and value the critical functions natural systems provide us. Ecosystems perform many services that are taken for granted and theref¬ore not valued in money. Examples are microorganism’s release of nutrients, their degradation of pollutants in air, soil and water, pollination of insects and vegetation, and water-regulating effects. Knowledge of the importance of different species and interaction works and what disappearances that can disrupt
people define the term ecological footprints in different opinions according to what effect and good doe’s ecological footprint has. The Ecological footprint is the impact of human activities measured in terms of the area of biologically productive land and water, food consumption, electricity use required to produce the goods consumed and to assimilate the wastes generated. An Ecological footprint measures the supply of and demand on nature, represent the productive area required to provide the
2.2 Causes of land use changes Land use change is usually a result of many combined factors arising from different phases of organisation. The combined causes of land use change differ with time, space and environment(Lambin et al., 2003). There are direct causes of land use change which includes population growth, economic growth and initiation of policy, laws ad legislations (Morara et al., 2014). 2.2.1Population growth Population growth has been the fundamental driver of land use change all
DEFORESTATION In the development country, the increasing need of a land space for agricultural, industrial and residential; and the most importantly urban development needs are required with the growing of population. In other terms, deforestation means that the clearing or felling of forest which covered by the tree plantations in order to accommodate agricultural, industrial or any urban development needs. Deforestation is primarily a concern for the developing countries of the tropics (Myers
household, industries, commercial establishments, hospitals and so on including urban runoff, effluent from agricultural activities, and land-based aquaculture. It also includes storm water. The term covers any water that has been adversely affected in quality and created by human. The sources of wastewater determines its characteristics and reuse possibility. For example, blackwater refers to wastewater from toilets while graywater is the wastewater from all domestic sources except toilets. However,
Panel on Climate change (IPCC) has predicted an increase in frequency and severity of climate related events such as storms, hurricanes, floodsc, landslides and cyclones as well as longer-term (slow onset) sea level rise, desertification, soil degradation as well as droughts and deficiencies of clean water.(Stojanov, 3) In turn this will result in people not being able to live and make a livelihood in certain parts of the world, forcing them to move elsewhere.
cause a huge global issue such as volcanoes, floods and drastic climate change. At present we won’t notice many changes even though there are some noticeable issues especially in climatic conditions. There are new and harmful species developing for example, in Bhutan there was an issue of a new worm known as ‘army worm’, the army worm outbreak, which mostly affected the crops and the vegetables. According to National Plant Protection Centre (NPPC), about 90 percent of crops were damaged by army worms
The Environment protection Act, 1986 defines as “environment includes water, air and land which exist between the water, air, land (nature) and human beings and other living creatures. In Ancient time: In the ancient time, the environment’s protection and clean up the environment was the essence of Vedic culture. The preservation of the earth framed a passionate article of faith, reflected in the day to day lives of the people and furthermore revered in myth art, culture and religion. In Hindu religious
0 Introduction In assessing the role of Land Use Planning (LUP) it is critical to first understand the concept. LUP is defined as " a systematic and iterative procedure carried out in order to create an enabling environment for sustainable development of land resources which meets people’s needs and demands. It assesses the physical, socio-economic, institutional and legal potentials and constraints with respect to an optimal and sustainable use of land resources, and empowers people to make decisions
we do in order to progress while living within that abode. The two concepts are inseparable. However many of the development paths of the industrialized nations are unsustainable. Many forms of development erode the environmental resources, such as land, water, forest and other natural resources, upon which they are based.