spent ten years in Madinah with the Holy Prophet (PBUH). Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) had started the practice of consulting his companions on all matters. The first Khalifa, Hazrat Abu Bakrcontinued this practice of mutual consultation. Following their example, Hazrat Umar framed the constitution of the state on the basis of democracy. He established a Majlis-e-Shura consisting of prominent companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) from both Muhajirin and Ansars. Hazrat Umar consulted this body on all matters
land and buildings of the school are also owned by the Local Authority although the schools governing body is responsible for the running of the school. The ‘admissions criteria’ is also decided by the LEA. They also provide support services, for example, psychological and special educational needs services.
For one, they were convinced that an administration based on British ideas, institutions, and practices could be firmly established only by English personnel. And, then, they did not trust the ability and integrity of the Indians. For example, Charles Grant, Chairman of the Court of Directors, condemned the people of India as “a race of men lamentably degenerate and base; retaining but a feeble sense of moral obligation;... and sunk in misery by their vices.” Similarly, Cornwallis believed
INTRODUCTION: It has been well said by Lord Acton: “Power corrupts and absolute Power tends to corrupt absolutely”. Governments perform three functions: executive, legislative, and judicial.In a political system with a water-tight division of forces, these capacities are each apportioned to a particular institution of government. The main premise behind the separation of powers is that people could hurt others, and this can progress towards becoming reality when absolute control is moved in one
As for the Sangha, they were observed to be loyal and subservient to the kings in return for protection and patronage Apart from depending on the Sangha for certain benefits, the Ayutthaya kings maintained the rights to rule over the Sangha. For example, the kings had the right to act to purify the Sangha and unify it if the community was fragmented by internal strife. Since Thailand was a Buddhist state, the kings of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya kingdoms strongly held and enthusiastically practised
4. The socio –political life of the people of Umuaro in “Arrow of God” “Arrow of god” (1964), is set partly in Umuofia and partly in Lagos, it traces the fate of Okonkwo’s grandson Obi, who is marked by similar circularity like his grandfather. Achebe goes back to Igbo village life in the 1920’s before it has experienced any sustained contact with Europeans. The social life of the people had been gradually changing. They realized that they must come to terms with this alien rule, which was
For example after the Human Rights Investigation Tribunal of 1999 submitted completed its investigations the government annulled the report of the Commission stating that it was unconstitutional for the federal government to set up such a tribunal. The federal
CHAPTER-III ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: THE POLICY Environmental degradation affects national welfare by damaging human health, economic activities and ecosystems. Because environmental problems represent a classic externality,’ some government regulation is generally warranted. From an economist’s perspective, desirable regulation should weigh two factors: the benefits associated with reduced environmental damage, and the opportunity cost of mitigation. In reality, the extent and focus of government