Essay On Infection Prevention

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Infection Prevention and Control In this essay I am summarising the role and function of the local infection Control team members, identifying blood borne viruses and examining the role of antibiotics. Role and functions of the local infection control team members The local infection prevention and control team members play a vital role in preventing the spread of viruses and disease. They are responsible for: • Advising and educating all departments and staff on the management of infected patients and any other infection control issues, • Providing, monitoring and reviewing policies and guidelines for the prevention and control of infection, • Communicating with and providing information to healthcare workers on infection prevention and control,…show more content…
It is estimated that it is responsible for 25per cent of the deaths in the 19th century. It was often referred to as the ‘white death’, similar to the Black Death pandemic caused by the plague. The infection can be fatal when it develops into the disease form and it typically attacks the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body such as the skin, bowel and can cause gynaecological problems. It is spread through the air when people are suffering with an active TB infection cough or sneeze transmit respiratory fluids through the air. Most people who are infected with TB do not have symptoms and these are known as latent tuberculosis [See appendix 11]. Nearly 1 in 10 latent infections eventually progress to the active form of the disease which, if it is left untreated, can kill over 50% of those infected. Vaccinations The available vaccine is the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG). This decreases the risk of infection for children by 20% and the risk of infection turning into disease by nearly 60%. It is the most widely used vaccine worldwide, with more than 60% of all children being vaccinated. The initial immunity it offers decreases after about 10 years. Several new vaccines are currently being

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