Aboriginal Health Research Paper

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SEXUAL HEALTH AMONGST INDIGINOUS AUSTRALIANS In Australia, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience sexual health inequalities when compared to the rest of the population. They are over-represented in notifications of sexually transmissible infections and viral hepatitis (Kirby Institute 2013) and have higher rates of teenage pregnancy (Li, Hilder and Sullivan, 2012). Sexual health according to WHO (2002) is not limited to absence of disease and dysfunction, it also refers to a state of physical, emotional, mental and social wellbeing related to sexuality. The unacceptably high rates of STIs reported in young people from many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities is a compelling evidence of the need to engage in…show more content…
Social determinants theory recognises that population health and inequality is determined by many interconnected social factors (Saggers and Gray, 2007). The poor health experienced by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have been linked to several social determinant of health factors. For example, The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare pinpointed socioeconomic disadvantage such as; lower education and employment rates as risk factors affecting the health of indigenous Australians. Other factors include, higher smoking rates, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, poor access to health services and lower standard of health infrastructure in Indigenous communities (AIHW, 2014). Hence for improved health amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, Sparks advised that focusing on social determinant rather than the conventional trend of public health will yield positive outcome on health and well-being. Health promotion is used in National Sexually Transmissible Infections strategy to influence health behaviours in specific group through social marketing. It uses holistic approaches such as delivering education and clinical services to target group. This enables them to respond to STIs in the social context in which they live and make decisions. Morris et al. (2004) described Sexual health education programs are one of the…show more content…
Disease prevention according to (Sparks, 2009) focuses on interventions that builds on the skills of health services and clinical medicine to reduce the incidence and prevalence of disease occurrence or injury in individuals and populations. The National Indigenous Australian's Sexual Health Strategy (NIASHS) was introduced to provide a comprehensive approach to preventing the spread of HIV and other sexually transmissible infections (STI's) in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The strategy recommended prevention, workforce issues, treatment, as the four priority areas. It also discusses on educating and training medical practitioners and other primary care providers which would give them a platform to improve their skills in the prevention, management, and treatment of sexual and reproductive health conditions. It recommends that expanding workforce capacity and ensuring adequate primary care providers especially in rural and remote regions can promote good health and eliminate or reduce the factors contributing to the poor sexual health of the Indigenous

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