Essay On Fresh Water Management

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Abstract Around 1.2 billion people, or almost one-fifth of the world's population, live in areas of water physical scarcity, and 500 million people are approaching this situation. Another 1.6 billion people, or almost one quarter of the world's population, face economic water shortage (where countries lack the necessary infrastructure to take water from rivers and aquifers). Water scarcity is the most worrisome situation. Moreover the its getting worse each day. Over the years, the annual per capita availability of renewable freshwater has shrunk alarmingly, from a high of around 5,277 cubic metres in 1955 it dipped to below 1,820 cubic metres in 2001.Ahmedbad is sensitive to the problem of water scarcity. It belongs to a semi-arid climate with erratic rainfall, unavailability of perineal sources of water make it groundwater dependent. It is approaching physical scarcity of water. The paper discusses, how fresh water management systems have changed with time as a result of urbanisation.…show more content…
Urban population constitutes 30% of total population. The question is with this growth rate of urbanisation what is the kind of fresh water management system do we require, challenging the present form of fresh water supply (ground water)? The hypothesis is that is decentralised water supply a better alternative, essentially the principle on which the traditional rain water harvesting systems were constructed. The question states a phenomenon i.e. urbanisation and its implication on water management system in Ahmedabad. The city is sprawling hence laying down infrastructure becomes expensive and people depend on bore wells due to inefficiency of municipality to supply adequate amount of water. The situation is persistent, it requires some bold steps to have a sustainable water supply system. Increasing pipe, tank capacities and laying down more network is not the solution to this

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