Environmental Factors In Prenatal Care

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Introduction According to the definition given by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Prenatal development is the process in which an embryo and later fetus develops during gestation. Prenatal development starts with fertilization the first stage in embryogenesis which continues in fetal development until birth Secondly according to researchers of the National Institutes of Health ([NIH], 2013), during each prenatal stage, environmental factors affect the development of the foetus. The developing fetus is completely dependent on the mother for life, and it is important that the mother receives prenatal care, which is medical care during pregnancy that monitors the health of both the mother and the fetus. Routine prenatal care can reduce the…show more content…
On rare occasions, they can occur after 20 weeks of gestation. According to the U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), smoking raises the likelihood of both early miscarriage and stillbirth. • According to a study published in the journal PLoS One, nicotine can cause contractions in the fallopian tubes. These contractions can prevent an embryo from passing through. One possible result of this is an ectopic pregnancy. This happens when a fertilized egg implants outside of the uterus, either in the fallopian tube, or in the abdomen. • The placenta is the “lifeline” structure that forms during pregnancy to provide the fetus with nutrients and oxygen. Smoking is a major risk factor for several complications linked to the placenta. One such problem is placenta abruption. • Placenta previa is when the placenta stays in the lower part of the uterus, partially or fully covering the cervix. The placenta often tears, causing excessive bleeding and depriving the fetus of vital nutrients and oxygen. • Pre – term birth that’s when a baby is born too early. There are numerous health risks associated with a preterm birth. Such as visual and hearing impairments mental…show more content…
“Thoughts that we feel are called emotions.” Experts and evidence suggest that positive thinking can shape the body, heal internally, and even nurture a healthier child during pregnancy. A pregnant woman’s thoughts have a physical connection to her unborn child. Children born to mothers who had intensely stressful pregnancies are more likely to have behavioral problems later in life.” Verny says, “Studies show that mothers under extreme and constant stress are more likely to have babies who are premature, lower than average in weight, hyperactive, irritable, and

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