Hepatitis B Research Paper

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Hepatitis B – Liver infection that are caused by virus HBV and affect the liver. Transmitted by contact with body fluids or blood of an infected person, also from mother to child (perinatally). It can be as acute as chronic form. Most of the time- chronic form has no symptoms. HBV is preventable by vaccination. It is a most common form of hepatitis and major health issue worldwide and in the United States. Caused – By HBV virus( HBV), an enveloped virus containing a partially double). Stranded, circular DNA genome, and classified within the family hepadnavirus (World Health Organization) Transmitted -…show more content…
But a person with an acute form of HBV able to transmit the virus to other unvaccinated people (Hepatitis B Foundation). Environmental Factors. It is a factor that play most important role in public health and transition of disease. Socioeconomic position – education, income, occupation, availability of quality medical service. Environment and condition in which people live in. For example outbreaks of HBV occurred in Assisted living facilities as a result of infection control practice, trough blood glucose monitoring. It is not necessary to live in the rural area to get infected with HBV (Hepatitis B Foundation). An important influence on the prevalence of HBV infection has a migration of people with existing HBV. And in a hospital setting it very important to maintain infection control practice. As nurses, we are directly involved in providing a safe environment for patients. Role of the Community Health…show more content…
Screening of all household members, especially foreign-born children’s is vital to prevent the spreading of HBV. Coordination of care with pediatrics, obstetric, liver specialist and education that all involve in medical case management. Primary prevention- goal to prevent disease before it occurrence. Immunization, education, utilization of preventive measure for sexually transmitted diseases, education about safe and healthy habits. Access to the health care, use of disposable needles, do not share equipment(razor, toothbrush, slippers).Health care workers must follow precautions and safely handle needles and sharps. Education of health care personnel and high-risk groups will reduce the risk of contracting HBV and decrease chances of transition. Screening blood products. Secondary prevention- reduces the impact of HBV. Regular screening and check –up. For patients with pre-existing infection (chronic form) vaccination dose not work and chronic HBV found mostly in foreign-born immigrants. So secondary prevention besides screening would be an antiviral treatment to prevent liver disease

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