The construction estimation is an essential content for a project. The accuracy of the cost estimation will directly influence the decision on a project, the scale of construction, design scheme and also economic effects. The cost estimate is carried out to determine the expected funding that would be spent on the project. Cost estimate has two general purposes, which is firstly, help managers evaluate affordability and performance for the project, and also to select the alternative systems and solutions
Abstract— Energy is very important in the entire process of evolution, growth and survival of the world. The increasing energy demand has an adverse effect on the environment and also an increasing pressure for a government. For a developing country like India, the energy criterion decides the growth of the country. Being the third largest power producer in the world, energy demand and scarcity rules the country. Energy demand in our country is increasing exponentially. Energy conservation can be
vermiculite, I was tempted to find out if you will be able to put vermiculite on the ceilings of houses to drop the temperature of houses. I chose this topic to try and see if Vermiculite really was a “miracle mineral”, I wanted to see how effective it can really insulate the cold. We all know electricity is very expensive and not everybody is able to afford it.
consumes less energy and gives the same effect as that of the conventional air conditioner. This system provides satisfactory results. The only disadvantage observed; is long time required to get the desired cooling effect. Keywords: Solar Evaporation, evaporative cooling, water level sensor ---------------------------------------------------------******------------------------------------------------------------ 1. INTRODUCTION
Among different diversity groups contributions of women in organizations is often overlooked. This is because still only very few women have broken through the “glass ceiling” to become company executives in large corporations (Branson, 2007). All over the world there is strong evidence on under-representation of women in leadership roles (Maginn, 2010; Tan, 2008; Mathur-Helm, 2006). Among several reasons, the major obstacle
INTRODUCTION Glass ceiling means an invisible upper limit in corporations and other organizations, it also define that women are difficult to get higher ranks in an organizations. Glass ceiling is also describe as a metaphor which describe a barriers for women from getting promoted for other position in an organization, pay rises and also other opportunities. Some of women might not aware the existence of glass ceiling until they experience it. In other words, glass ceiling is described as women
license required to provide the service or their isn't a high demand for their service. It has also been reported that many Asian groups have been on welfare for the past several years. Many Asian Americans who become professionals hit the “glass ceiling” meaning that all the management positions have been filled . Koreans is another group of people that has been overpraised about their success.
Many areas around Cape Town are usually segregated by household income, with the upper middle to higher income earners usually living in better neighbourhoods in better parts of the city than poor to lower middle income earners and because of the effects of the apartheid the upper-class earners are predominantly white while the lower class are mostly black Africans so with the introduction of rent controls this might allow for a portion of the lower class to be able to afford to live in the neighbourhoods
measures such as interest rate ceilings, credit allocation and high reserve requirements. (Investopedia) Mckinnon (1973) and Goldsmith (1969) were the first to seriously challenge this conventional theory and are among the most influential economists in drawing attention to the benefits of financial liberalisation for developing economies. (Watchel, P 2001) There are three ways in which financial repression was undesirable and these were poor results, excessive costs, and pressures from
wood flooring as made a huge impact on the marketplace due to its low cost and ease of installation. A quick comparison between carpeting and hardwood floors shows that carpeting lasts between seven and ten years while hardwood floors easily last 30 or more years. During a 30-year period carpeting needs to be installed four or five times. At that rate, hardwood flooring actually costs significantly less than the cumulative cost of all the carpeting