Difference Between Organic And Organic Fertilizers

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THE COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN THE EFFECTS OF ORGANIC AND CHEMICAL FERTILIZER ON CULTIVATING CORN (Zea mays) PLANT By Hipona, Charize Mikaela M. 8 – STE (A) Mahogany Introduction Fertilizers are materials used to provide plant nutrients which are deficient in soils. Farmers turn to fertilizers because these substances contain plant nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Fertilizers are simply plant nutrients applied to agricultural fields to supplement required elements found naturally in the soil. Fertilizers have been used since the start of agriculture (Soil matter, 2011). It comes in two basic types: organic and chemical fertilizers. Organic fertilizers are made from natural, organic (living) materials, such…show more content…
Organic fertilizers are fertilizers derived from animal matter, human excreta or vegetable matter. Natural and organic fertilizer differs from chemicals in that they feed the plants while building the soil. Soils with lots of organic material remain loose and airy, hold more moisture and nutrients, foster growth of soil organisms, and promote healthier plant root development (Planet Natural, 2016). Naturally occurring organic fertilizers include animal wastes from meat processing, peat, manure, slurry, and guano. In contrast, the majority of fertilizers used in commercial farming are extracted from minerals or produced industrially. The other kind of fertilizer is the chemical fertilizer, it is defined as any inorganic material of partially synthetic origin that is added to the soil to sustain plant growth. It is also a substance applied to soils or directly onto plants to provide nutrients best for their growth and development. Many artificial fertilizers contain acids, such as sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, which tend to increase the acidity of the soil, reduce the soil's beneficial organism population and interfere with plant growth. Generally, healthy soil contains enough nitrogen-fixing bacteria to fix sufficient atmospheric nitrogen to supply the needs of growing plants. However, continued use of chemical fertilizer may destroy these nitrogen-fixing bacteria. Furthermore, chemical…show more content…
Over time, organic fertilizers will make the soil and plants healthy and strong, since they are the ultimate slow-release fertilizers, it is very difficult to over fertilize the plants, there is little to no risk of toxic buildups of chemicals and salts that can be deadly to plants, organic fertilizers are renewable, biodegradable, sustainable, and environmentally friendly, although rather expensive in packages, the society can make their own organic fertilizer by composting or find inexpensive sources such as local dairy farms that may sell composted manure. Whereas the disadvantages of organic fertilizer are microorganisms are required to break down and release nutrients into the soil. Since they need warmth and moisture to do their job, the effectiveness of organic fertilizer is limited seasonally. Luckily, these microorganisms obtain energy from decaying plant and animal matter, so an application of organic fertilizer provides a complete package of nutrients for the soil, organic fertilizers break down according to nature’s rules, so they may not release nutrients as soon as the farmers need them. The improvements can’t be seen overnight. In fact, the plant can be seen with deficiency during the first couple of months until the first application breaks down. Nutrient ratios are often unknown, and the overall

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