are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed” (The Declaration of Independence). Locke believed that the citizens of a country gave their consent to the government to be ruled. “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it” (The Declaration of Independence). Not only did Locke believe that the people gave their consent to be ruled, but he believed that if the government abused
The modern liberal philosophy is based mainly with the importance of consent. For example, consent is powerful enough to turn battery into boxing. That being the case, the ideal method of establishing a moral duty to obey the law is through an individual’s own consent to be governed by that law. Here the importance is laid to the consent of the individual to be governed by the law because if the individual himself gives the consent to be governed then there exists for him a moral duty to obey the laws
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke both experienced different things in their life, resulting in their differences and similarities in what they believed. At the time Hobbes was writing The Leviathan, England was recovering from a series of civil wars, which resulted in the beheading of Charles I. In the Leviathan he is responding to this situation a period called the interregnum, during this time England was rejecting the institution of the monarchy. Eventually it ended with the restoration of Charles
Hobbes, in the Leviathan, talks a great deal about the success of people, and what it will take for a group of people to be successful and flourish. The first thing he did is defined what power is. He states, “The power of a man is his present means to obtain some future apparent good” (pg. 249). Essentially, according to Hobbes, power is using the tools that you have today to help you achieve something better than what you have now or gain more. While Aristotle argued that humans were working toward
The eighteenth century enlightenment was a movement of the Intellectuals whop dared to change how Europe saw the world. Some ideas of the enlightenment included liberty, progress, reason, equality, tolerance, fraternity, and ending the abuses of church and state. Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, and many more contributed to the spread of these ideas. Further spread came when the American Revolution showed how a government should be organized. American revolutionaries, and French troops who served as
escape the state of war, they decided to surrender their rights to a authority or sovereign or government. Social contract theory provides the rationale behind the historically important notion that legitimate state authority must be derived from the consent of the governed .
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke, authors of Leviathan and the Second Treatise of Government respectively and two of England’s premier political philosophers of the seventeenth century, set out to describe the nature of man and the origins of his sociability. The social contract, as it is called now, was described by both of them with many similarities, but containing dramatic key difference which stemmed from their exposure to the culture and society that was current in England during their time. Hobbes