Social Contract Theory has exercise an enormous amount of impact on legal and social factors of western democratic state. Although different theorist have different point of view on social contract theory, but the main essence of their ideology is that legal society or state was the result of the contract formed by individual, then living in state of nature .Men used to live in the state of nature, where there were no rules and regulation or law to govern them and in order to escape the state of war, they decided to surrender their rights to a authority or sovereign or government. Social contract theory provides the rationale behind the historically important notion that legitimate state authority must be derived from the consent of the governed .…show more content… Pluto in his dialogue “The Republic” hinted towards theory by stating “When men have both done and suffered injustice and have had experience of both, not being able to avoid the one and obtain the other, they think that they had better agree among themselves to have neither; hence there arise laws and mutual covenants; and that which is ordained by law is termed by them lawful and just.” And this can be termed as the primary reason for the need of law and order, to regulate the state of nature .In order to safeguard their life and liberty and stop the misuse of power they agree to surrender their rights to authority .Secondary man is considered as social animal, which led to formation of society.
Some of the essential features of Social contract theory are as follow:
• In the chaotic state of nature where there is no rules and regulation, men sought protection of their life and liberty, by means of social contract in which they promise to respect each other and live with peace and harmony (pactum