Concept Of Humanism

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The Concept of Humanism Humanism is defined as the movement of secular scholars who studied art, literature, Greek, and Roman work without the focus of science or religion. This would become the basis of modern scholars and historians. Humanism started in Italy and by the middle of the fifteenth century, it was dominating the Italian culture due to the political structure and the locations of cities. Humanism in Rome was driven by the study of the ancient ruins, in Venice the study of Greek origins and in Florence the patronage of Medici. Humanism was easier due to the availability of books. The printing press made it possible for more books to be printed and more people could read and learn thus furthering the education of people and their…show more content…
There were scientific experiments and the start of an economic system similar to capitalism. The humanist movement is the true basis for modern scholarship and modern ways of life. The humanist movement comes into conflict with Christendom as early humanism had an intense focus on literature and scholarly studies while denying any religious theories. The Breakdown of Christendom and the spread of Humanism The breakdown of Christendom occurred for many reasons the general unhappiness of the public, the lack of economic growth and the non-secular state. A large contributor to the breakdown was the need for new political systems, new jurisdictions and new people in power. The breakdown of Christendom can be contributed to a new idea such as humanism and Luther’s Protestantism movement. Luther was a German man whose ideas of the Church, the Bible, and its interpretations differed from that of the Roman Catholics at the time. His ideas and writing were banned but his ideas and theories spread. His ideas of human experience instead of divine decision instigated a change in the people. This was the start of the Protestant movement. Christendom was challenged by Protestantism as the theories of Luther undermined the Roman…show more content…
The Renaissance allowed the study of Greek and Roman works which were compiled and indicated the importance of Greek, and Hebrew as languages in order to promote humanism and break away from theological studies. The English Renaissance included many factors from the list mentioned in the introduction. The most famous and arguably the most important was the Shakespearean movement, Shakespeare’s works made meaningful social comments at the time, his works are still discussed today. There was storytelling of Knights, King Arthur, Greek and Roman Mythology. Furthermore, there were several changes in the governing systems of other countries. England entered the era of Tudor politics and France had Stuart. The Tudor era saw an increase in England’s economic activities. France experienced an intellectual reformation, there were multiple universities and many scientific discoveries. Before the renaissance in France, astrology had been banned along with other fields. However, the spread of humanism saw an increase in science and a new interest in arts. The Renaissance saw the first French printing press at universities. This change ushered in a more modern era of thinking. However, even though there was a breakdown of Christendom and the replacement of it with humanism, many Englishmen still used the word Christendom but connoted
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