Sitophilus Oryzae Case Study

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Description and Distribution of Sitophilus oryzae The rice weevil is a small, 2-3 millimeters and stout in physical appearance. It is considered to be very similar to a granary weevil. However, the rice weevil is reddish brown to black in color with a distinctive light yellow or reddish spots on the corner of the protective forewings. Its larva is legless and stays inside the hollow grain kernel. It is fat with a cream-colored body and dark head capsule. (Koehler, 1994). Weevils from the genus Sitophilus are considered major pests all over the world. It is ranked as the most destructive insect pest of the stored raw grain. Sitophilus oryzae can cause enormous losses up to 100% in stored maize, which just proves that S. oryzae is a serious…show more content…
Understanding the benefits and limitations of each possible method often helps farmers in choosing the correct strategy. (Futch, 2014). Almost all farmers do Integrated Pest Management (IPM) through normal crop production practices. It is a balanced and tactical approach to pest control. According to the Citrus Industry (2014), there are other forms of pest control like Biological Control uses natural enemies to control and suppress the pest effectively; this is often targeted against pests that are not native to the geographical area. Mechanical Control is the use of devices, traps, machines and other physical methods to control or change the environment where the pest has festered. The devices used to prevent the pest from entering an area or in catching the pest for removal. Cultural Control alters the environment, condition of the host or site to prevent or suppress the infestation of the pest like removing the food, water, shelter or other necessities that are important to the pest’s survival. Physical/ Environmental Modification controls the pests and reduces their population by modifying the environment where the pest is found, like modifying the temperature, humidity and air movement. Chemical Control is the use of pesticide, while it is considered to be effective; it is only effective in selective stages and varies in the length of efficiency. Some may provide pest control for only a short time frame and can be measured in a few hours to days. The final method is the Regulatory Methods, at this stage; the pest poses a serious danger to the public and produces a catastrophic damage. Quarantine or eradication programs will be directed by the government and is designed to prevent pests from entering a pest-free

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