Challenges Of Enlightenment Ideas During The Age Of Enlightenment

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Enlightenment thinkers such as Locke,Rousseau,and Montesquieu all inspired the world to create an equal power of government,where people have equal voting rights. In the late 1700s a world-changing revolution was beginning to erupt in France.The civilians in France were going to make a historic move by overthrowing their government. The civilians made up of mostly the third estate grew tired of their government.Heavy taxes on the third estate played a huge role on upsetting the third estate. Limited rights and unfair voting were some political challenges faced by the third estate.King Louis XVI who was an absolute monarch didn't govern his beloved France very well.Soon after he and his Queen Marie Antoinette ends up getting their heads chopped…show more content…
The top being the First and the bottom being the Third. The first and second have the lowest amount of people with that category. Whereas the Third has the most. Ninety-Seven percent of the population of France made up the Third Estate. First and Second estate had more privileges compared to the Third. Such as paying less taxes, having more power,more rights, and more land.Rights in the estates were unequal.Enlightenment ideas spread across Europe during the Age of Enlightenment. Ideas of natural laws and natural rights were born.Locke’s book Two Treatises of Government stated that all men had natural rights. In addition if their rights are being taken away from them they have the right to revolutionize their government.Unlike Locke,Hobbes didn't believe in revolutions. He believed in strong government to control man’s desires. A social icon during the french revolution is Jean-Paul Marat. Marat was a radical journalist who wrote about the mistreatment of the Monarchy to the Third Estate. In his writing he would write so passionately about the struggles that people of the Third Estate are facing. He is know as a “Friend of the People.” Some of his writings were so influential that it motivated people to go and fight. The magazine L'Ami du peuple led to the October March which was French women marching to Versailles rioting over the rise of bread prices. The king and his colleagues were moved back to Paris.This was a step of to reform…show more content…
A system of government that is ruled by one man. French kings would consider themselves as representatives of god. This was known as the divine right theory.Their power came from god and no one should question it. The Lettre de Cachet was a letter that gave the king power to imprison someone without trial or chance of defending themselves. The Estates general was a representative assembly that represented the three estates of France. When the Third estate met with the estate general they had no chance of reforming the issue people in the third estates are facing. Voting within the estates general was always unfair. Each estate was entitled to one vote no matter the number of representative it had. Since the third estate had a greater amount of people they received double representation. The first and second estate each had one representative when voting. Although it seemed like the third estate had more chance of getting their way, the first and second estate would vote equally on the same issue which led to no change. That law would be vetoed and nothing changes.The third estate grew tired of this useless power and began meeting on their own.Since the third estate representative were locked out of the chamber room they decided they would meet on their own.Immediately the newly created National Assembly met at nearby tennis court and vowed to keep on meeting until a constitution

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