Causes Of The Emancipation Proclamation

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During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation. On January 1, 1863 this proclamation changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the areas of the South from "slave" to "free". Many historians debating over Lincoln’s decision argue that the President did it for practical reasons, rather than ideological. In fact, the hope was to mobilize people, especially black people in the North, to fight in order to free their brothers living under the Confederation. Moreover, it helped the Union to gain international support: support for the South meant support for slavery, something that Europe hated and condemned since the end of the 18th Century. The Emancipation Proclamation was a great revolution for the United States; the Union was able to win the war and the Proclamation was extended in every single state, changing the legal status of the slaves once for good. However, the words of Lincoln were not able to actually reach every American’s heart, because the situation of African Americans changed only formally. After the civil war, the Emancipation Proclamation became an actual law, upsetting the minds of Southern white people, who saw it as law imposed by the victorious over the losers, rather than the just application of the…show more content…
The yearning for freedom eventually manifest itself” (King Jr, “Letter from a Birmingham Jail”). Moreover, he argued that it is very rare that the oppressors grant freedom to the oppressed without these asking and fighting for their freedom. In a sense, his words are similar to the ones of the French philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, who believed that only oppressed men could fight for their own freedom, because the ones to whom freedom is denied are the only ones who truly understand what freedom

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