Brown V Board Of Education Essay

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Brown v Board of Education of Topeka was a Milestone case in the Supreme Court of the United States. This essay will cover discuss the plaintiffs, how social science researched helped the case and what the final ruling was in the case. There were 13 plaintiffs in the case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Those plaintiffs were, Oliver Leon Brown Mrs. Darlene Brown, Mrs. Lena M. Carper, Mrs. Sadie Emmanuel, Mrs. Marguerite Emmerson, Mrs. Shirla Fleming, Mrs. Andrew (Zelma) Henderson, Mrs. Shirley Hodison, Mrs. Richard (Maude) Lawton, Mrs. Alma Lewis, Mrs. Iona Richardson, Mrs. Vivian Scales, and Mrs. Lucinda Todd. There were five cases that made the Brown v Board of Education case. The case that stood out the most during the court ruling…show more content…
Brown’s argument at the time was that the school segregation violated the Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause, because the separate schools were not equal to each other. The federal court dismissed his claim at first because their schools were substantially equal. Brown then appealed to the Supreme Court, as a result, they had consolidated other school segregation actions. During 1954, the doctrine that was created in Plessy v. Ferguson, “Separate but equal,” took precedent and racially segregated schools. The facilities were considered constitutional as long as they were equal to each other. For example, the schools could be separate by race, as long as they had the same curriculum, they were considered equal. The arguments were presented to the Supreme Court, it was ruled that school segregation violated the 14th Amendment, specifically the Equal Protection Clause. The court also received testimony from more than 30 social scientists affirming the negative effects of segregating schools. For example, in one study it concluded that young black women in segregated schools had low self-esteem compared to their white counterparts. This resulted in inferiority amongst black school
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