Blood Transfusion Case Study

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Blood Transfusion in the health industry is a process that saves lives of millions of people. The blood to be transfused to the patient should be screened for presence Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Syphilis and Malaria. Blood bank centers should ensure that the blood to be donated is free from all the infectious diseases that could harm the recipient of the donated blood. Blood transfusion was first performed in 1492 when Pope Innocent VII drew blood from three young men hoping that blood transfusion could cure him. However, this led the four men to death. Edward E. Lindemann performed the first successful blood transfusion through vein-to-vein using multiple syringes and a cannula to puncture the vein through the skin. Unger made a syringe-valve apparatus for easier blood transfusion. Prior to the…show more content…
It is also most prevalent in the Asia Pacific Region. As such, it is responsible for a staggering half a million deaths every year as this virus is related to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) (Cabahug, et al., 2013). In the Philippines, one out of eight Filipinos is infected with HBV. Due to a prevalence rate of 6 to 12%, the Philippines is considered hyper endemic to HBV (Evangelista, et. al, 2006). Post transfusion acute hepatitis B has been reported to occur at a rate of 0.92%, even after the implementation of serological screening for HBV (Fung, et al., 2010). Hepatitis B is a viral infection that can damage the liver and it may also be of acute or chronic type. It is transmitted through contact with blood and other body fluids of a person infected with the virus. Most of the time the test used to detect Hepatitis B disease is through the detection of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). DISCUSS HBSAG(WHO,

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