Vlsi Advantages And Disadvantages

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2.4 Introduction to VLSI Large-scale combination (VLSI) is the procedure of combining so as to make coordinated circuits a huge number of transistor-based circuits into a solitary chip. VLSI started in the 1970s when complex semiconductor and correspondence advancements were being produced. The chip is a VLSI gadget. The term is no more as normal as it once seemed to be, as chips have expanded in multifaceted nature into the countless transistors. 2.4.1 Overview The principal semiconductor chips held one transistor each. Ensuing advances included more transistors, and, as a result, more individual capacities or frameworks were incorporated after some time. The initially incorporated circuits held just a couple of gadgets, maybe upwards…show more content…
Integrated circuits improve system characteristics in several critical ways. ICs have three key advantages over digital circuits built from discrete components:  Size: Integrated circuits are much smaller-both transistors and wires are shrunk to micrometer sizes, compared to the millimeter or centimeter scales of discrete components. Small size leads to advantages in speed and power consumption, since smaller components have smaller parasitic resistances, capacitances, and inductances.  Speed: Signals can be switched between logic 0 and logic 1 much quicker within a chip than they can between chips. Communication within a chip can occur hundreds of times faster than communication between chips on a printed circuit board. The high speed of circuit’s on-chip is due to their small size-smaller components and wires have smaller parasitic capacitances to slow down the…show more content…
Electronic systems in some cases have replaced mechanisms that operated mechanically, hydraulically, or by other means; electronics are usually smaller, more flexible, and easier to service. In other cases electronic systems have created totally new applications. Electronic systems perform a variety of tasks, some of them visible, some more hidden:  Personal entertainment systems such as portable MP3 players and DVD players perform sophisticated algorithms with remarkably little energy.  Electronic systems in cars operate stereo systems and displays; they also control fuel injection systems, adjust suspensions to varying terrain, and perform the control functions required for anti-lock braking (ABS) systems.  Digital electronics compress and decompress video, even at high-definition data rates, on-the-fly in consumer electronics.  Low-cost terminals for Web browsing still require sophisticated electronics, despite their dedicated function.  Personal computers and workstations provide word-processing, financial analysis, and games. Computers include both central processing units (CPUs) and special-purpose hardware for disk access, faster screen display,

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