The Pneumonic Plague: The Black Death

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One disease that made its mark I history and swept through Europe killing millions was the Black Death. This disease ravaged throughout the Middle Ages from 1348 to 1350 and would reappear every so often for centuries. The Black Death first arrived in Europe in October of 1347 by 12 Genoese trading ships. When these ships docked at the Sicilian port of Messina Italy after their journey through the Black Sea, the people that were waiting at the dock were met with a terrifying surprise. Almost all of the sailors that were on board the ships were dead, and of the sailors that were still alive had fevers, and were unable to keep food down, and the strange thing was they were covered in black boils that oozed blood and pus. This is where the name…show more content…
Though some people survived the ordeal, their life expectancy was only about a week if even that much. This form of the disease was spread through infected fleas and rats which then spread it to humans. Another form of the plague is the pneumonic plague, this form of the plague was spread by a person merely inhaling the exhaled air of someone that was infected. This form was much more lethal than the bubonic plague, a person’s life expectancy was measured to last for one to two days. The last and most deadly form of the plague is the septicemic plague, this form of the plague attacked the blood system. Since people had no defense against the plague and no understanding of it, those who were caught in its onslaught were confused, terrified, and eventually died (The Black Death, 1348). The people who were healthy would do all they could to avoid the ones who were sick. Doctors would refuse to see patients, priests would refuse to administer last rites, and shopkeepers closed their stores. Many people fled their cities for the country side, though even there they weren’t safe from the disease. It affected cows, sheep, goats, pigs, etc. “This disease was so efficient, people that were perfectly healthy when they went to sleep could be dead in the morning” (“Black Death”,
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