The Pantheon Research Paper

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As a style consists of elements that are based on the antique forms of Greek and Roman classical architecture, neoclassical architecture can be emulated to a certain extent. Architects around the world have been borrowing from ancient Greek and Roman models since the mid 17th Century. In spite of how popular the neoclassical style throughout Europe, The United State adapted it and expressed much in reflection of the young republic political values. As the great example of Roman classical style, the Pantheon influenced many Neo classical architectures. As America’s first Cathedral, Baltimore Basilica share lots similarities with The Pantheon in structure, materials, influence in history and architectures. The iconographic sacred Pantheon…show more content…
The first incarnation of the Pantheon was built by Agrippa (Roman Emperor Augustus’s son-in-law) around 27 B.C. Because limestone rock used in the building easily cracked in fires. The original pantheon was damaged severely in a fire and was not rebuilt until 118A.D. After two major restoration it was finished by Emperor Hadrian around 125 A.D, utilizing more up to date architectural and engineering features. The interior is almost completely intact. Aside from later added Christian modification and missing Ancient Rome artifacts, what we see today is not much different than its original version. This unique building features reproductions represents ancient Roman civilization. Despite all the changes, the Pantheon still has an important function and status today. It helps bring it to life so people now can visually appreciate them in its original glory before it is reduced to the ruins (Hutchinson 1986). As for Baltimore Basilica, a major restoration happened in 1940s and a recent near 3 year long restoration was finished in 2006. A total incorporation of modern system and elements are featured throughout the building. The skylights in main dome were reopened to allow more sunlight to enter the main building. Green marbled flooring were changed to white marbles. The main floor was restored to its original appearance but with lighter colored interior and the stained glass windows were replaced by clear windows. Additional seating were added to accommodate larger crowds (Denniston 2007). The restoration project raised many concerns about the effectiveness of restoration in contemporary practice. The project was referred to restore basilica’s original design; however, the reality is that Latrobe’s design is not only being recreated, it was also being deviated from in some places. While people are ok with re-opening the skylights and changing the original interior

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