The Importance Of Interpersonal Relationships

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According to Bales, who focused on role function, two role types exist in a team or group. Task-related roles (e.g., a team captain that has the ability to address and lead the team towards the group’s objectives and goals) and social roles (e.g., the team clown or social organizer who harmonizes the group (Eys, Schinke, Surya, & Benson, 2014) in order to maintain balance between the seriousness of a task focus and the lighter side of life which adds value to the meaning of life and interpersonal relationships). However, Marby and Barnes focused on the level of formality as related to role communications (i.e., teams have formal roles assigned by the coach or organization and unassigned informal roles that evolve or time through interactions…show more content…
Role ambiguity (i.e., lack of clarity due to the role being open to more than one interpretation) can interfere with the athlete’s understanding of the scope of their responsibilities and the behaviors necessary to fulfill those responsibilities as well as the consequences for failing to fulfill them (p. 135). Role efficacy is the leader’s belief that they can fulfill these responsibilities through their choices, effort, and persistence. Role conflict exists when the coach’s expectations are inconsistent (e.g., telling an athlete to play aggressively as well as don’t foul are incongruent), when there are two coaches sending conflicting messages to the same athlete, or when the responsibilities for the role conflict with an athlete’s personal values or motivations (p. 135). The athlete can experience role overload when the responsibilities exceed their capability or are excessive in numbers (i.e., not enough time to comply with the responsibilities of the role). The athlete also has to be willing to accept the undesirable roles as well (i.e., Role acceptance) so that they can expand their opportunities. This was very typical in the military. I often accepted additional duties that I absolutely hated so that I could continue flying fighters versus having to take on a desk job. There is a link with acceptance and role satisfaction. When satisfied in the role, the athlete will put forth an effort that magically has more depth and vigor in regards to their skill utilization, significance of their role (both team and individual levels), the feedback pertaining to their performance in that role, autonomy, and recognition. For me, autonomy is huge. If I can be the one to make my own decisions in the role, I am more likely to engage with more effort. If I am properly recognized as competent in the role, I am more determined as well. All of these attributes are closely aligned
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