The Effect Of HIV On Sub-Saharan Africa

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HIV is a retrovirus that weakens the body’s immune system by destroying T-Cells, making those who are infected susceptible to opportunistic disease. When left untreated, HIV progresses to AIDS. In 2014, there were 36.9 million people living with HIV, and the CDC estimates 1.2 million Americans are living with the infection.1, 2 While the HIV/AIDS epidemic has not had a significant impact on the general population of the U.S, Sub-Saharan Africa is a region severely crippled by HIV/AIDS, accounting for 70% of the world’s new HIV infections.3 HIV is treatable with antiretroviral therapy or ART. Regular treatment with ART prevents the onset of AIDS and can reduce the viral load so low that the HIV virus is no longer detectable in the human body.

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