Sphinx Research Paper

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The Great Sphinx of Giza is one of the largest and oldest statues in the world and sits in the desert sands near the city of Giza. Sphinx is the human headed lion in ancient Greek mythology; The term likely came into use some 2,000 years after the statue was built. The sphinx is a structure created to serve the cult of the dead king and the sun god. The ancient Egyptian meaning for Sphinx is “Living image of Atum.” The Sphinx is a type of pyramid that is carved into a part man, part lion, and part god statue. The Sphinx is guarding the tombs of Khafre and Khufu. Pharaoh Khafre's monument lies at the rear of the sphinx and it is his resemblance that adorns the head of the great sphinx. The actually purpose of the Sphinx being built is unknown…show more content…
The lion was a solar symbol in more than one ancient Near Eastern culture. It is also a common archetype of royalty. Even as early as the Presynaptic period, we find carved on luxury objects probably of royal origin, scenes depicting fantastic animals mingling with wild, real world animals. These may be found on ceremonial slate palettes, ivory plaques and ivory knife handles, particularly found at Hierakonpolisor from nearby Naqada in Upper Egypt. Most of these early depictions were of winged, falcon headed griffins, leopards with long, winding necks and other accompanying animals that are usually considered to be inspired indirectly from models found in Mesopotamia. However, some two dimensional images on slate palettes of the Early Dynasty period, some three to four hundred years prior to the carving of the Great Sphinx, depict the king as a wild lion or griffin, destroying his enemies. Over the thousands of years that the Sphinx has been built, it has been eroded badly by the harsh desert winds. Over time it actually became covered with sand to its shoulders.The first documented attempt at an excavation dates to c. 1400 BC, when the young Thutmose

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