Sophocles Excessive Pride In Oedipus The King

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Pride is only good to an extent. When a basketball team wins a championship, the players on this team feel pride in what they have accomplished. They have a right to this pride, and have earned this right through hard work. However, if this team were to berate the losing team, they would lose their title. The loss of their title is a negative effect that came from their excessive pride. Excessive pride with a negative effect, in the context of literature, is called hubris. This is especially the case when a character shows such an excessive amount of pride that it results in this characters downfall. A great example of hubris is Oedipus from Sophocles’ Theban plays, specifically in Oedipus Rex. Oedipus brings about his own downfall, not only losing his position as king but ending up physically…show more content…
The prophecy of him killing his father and marrying his mother was given to him more than a few times, but he could not accept the fact that this was bound to happen, whether he liked it or not. His pride is seen when he believed he could escape his fate. Fate cannot be avoided, yet Oedipus believed he could outsmart fate. This is seen when Oedipus is speaking to the messenger. This conversation occurs as follows, “Oedipus: Once on a time Loxias said that I should lie with my own mother and take on my hands the blood of my own father. And so for these long years I’ve lived away from Corinth; it has been to my great happiness; but yet it’s sweet to see the face of parents. Messenger: This was the fear which drove you out of Corinth? Oedipus: Old man, I did not wish to kill my father” (1125, 1128). This conversation is essential to this point because it shows that Oedipus believed that by simply leaving Corinth, he was able to avoid his fate. It is ironic that in this attempt, he sets the prophecy in motion by unknowingly killing his father on his travels once he had left Corinth. His fate was

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