Social Equality In America Essay

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Civil rights incorporate an extensive mixture of groups, but the majority of civil rights issues concern race and ethnicity. Blacks have generally experienced the most segregation so their battle has applied the most notable effect on social equality in the United States all through the whole course of American history. At the point when political leaders embraced standards of freedom and fairness for all, the custom of rejection depended on Whites' perspectives that Blacks were substandard so they denied Blacks’ essential rights. McClain and Tauber (2010) state that “after the establishment of the American Republic, the U.S. Constitution did not give any rights to slaves or free Blacks; each state determined its own policy on civil rights”…show more content…
This official request liberated all slaves in the Confederacy as of January 1, 1863. After the Civil War, the period of Reconstruction provided hope for supporters of Black civil rights. Gonzales states that “during the Reconstruction Period (1865-1877), amendments were created in attempt to end racial segregation” (Tuesday 9/29). The period of Reconstruction provided faith for supporters of Black civil rights. In 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified and officially prohibited slavery throughout the United States. In spite of the fact that the Thirteenth Amendment finished servitude, victimization of African Americans still existed since the government did not enforce it. Previous Confederate states passed Black codes, which singled out African Americans for abuse and segregation. Because of these codes, Congress proposed the Fourteenth Amendment, which was confirmed in 1868. This revision was intended to guarantee that states gave previous slaves full citizenship rights and avoid states from prying with the rights of its citizens. In addition, due to the equal protection clause, it was required for all states to treat individuals similarly paying little respect to race/ethnicity; all states were required to treat equally. According to Gonzales, the fifteenth amendment (1870) “prohibits voting discrimination on account of ‘race, color, or previous condition of servitude’, extending rights to vote to Black males” (Tuesday

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