Smart Cities In India

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I. INTRODUCTION Cities play an important role in the growth for the economy of every nation, India is no exception. Close to 31% of India’s current population lives in urban areas and contributes 63% of India’s GDP (Census 2011). With increasing urbanization, 40% of India’s population set to house in urban areas and thereby contribute 75% of India’s GDP by 2030 [1]. This leads to a challenge of comprehensive development of physical, institutional, social and economic infrastructure. Since all these are important in improving the quality of life of the citizens living in the cities. Thus Smart Cities Mission focuses on development of smart cities pan-India to enable economic growth and improving the quality…show more content…
Such a coordinated approach from the inception of a metropolitan area is key to sustainable growth and development which India requires going forward [5]. Somayya Madakam, Ramaswamy R., in their paper "100 New Smart Cities (India’s Smart Vision)" put forth the conceptual view about smart cities and also discussed the six dimensions of smart cities such as smart economy, smart mobility, smart environment, smart people, smart living and smart government for understanding new urban paradigm shift phenomenon. They also discussed various prerequisites to be considered before setting up 100 new smart cities in India. Sheshadri Chatterjee, Arpan Kumar Kar, in their paper "Smart Cities in Developing Economies: A Literature Review and Policy Insights", explained that for getting maximum benefits of “Smart Cities” where application of ICT is a must, the beneficiaries must be digitally literate. Every citizen of “Smart City” should not be digitally blind but should be aware of online culture and concluded that before implementing creation of “Smart Cities” the Central and State Governments shaking off narrow political games should take sincere initiative to explore wealth resources and to take attempt meticulously to throw light of literacy to the citizens of “Smart Cities”.…show more content…
Some definitions define smart cities as cities with “smart (intelligent) physical, social, institutional and economic infrastructure while ensuring centrality of citizens in a sustainable environment;” [2]. A definition by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU)’s Focus Group on Smart Sustainable Cities (FG-SSC) reads: “A smart sustainable city is an innovative city that uses Information and Communication Technology (ICT)’s and other means to improve the quality of life, efficiency of urban operation and services, and competitiveness, while ensuring that it meets the needs of present and future generations with respect to economic, social and environmental

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