Similarities Between The Nile River Valley Civilization

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There are many similarities between The Nile River Valley Civilization and the Indus River Valley Civilization, such as both civilizations flourishing due to a major river and surrounding seas, furthermore protecting the civilization and its people from attack and disease, or the regions’ advancement in math. However, the differences heavily outweigh the similarities. One region, the Nile, flourished successfully for about a thousand years, while the Indus, on the other hand only lasted for a thousand years and then disappeared without a trace. The Nile River Valley Civilization shaped Egyptian culture, while the Indus River Valley shaped the later subcontinent of India. This only serves as the basis for the topics we will observe, compare,…show more content…
This is mainly because the Nile River is what gives life to the civilization. Without it, Egypt would be completely dried up by its surrounding deserts. According to, “The Nile would flood each year starting in July and lasting until November.” This served as a gift for the civilization rather than a disaster because these excessive floods would wash away waste, and more importantly provide new and rich soil for the Egyptian people. As a result, farmers used this to their advantage to grow crops such as wheat and Flax. However, the Egyptians had to work together to control these yearly floods. According to Prentice Hall’s “World History: Connections to Today”, The Egyptians “built dikes, reservoirs, and irrigation ditches to channel the rising river and store water for the dryer season. (pg. 24)” Lastly, the surrounding seas of the Nile River Valley Civilization served as a barrier against diseases and war…show more content…
This region also contributed early medical procedures for broken bones, wounds, and fevers. They used geometry to aid in the designing of fields and canals. The Egyptians of the Nile River Valley also developed hieroglyphics, a form of writing using pictures in order to keep important records. Later on, however, their written language became more complex, including ideograms. Ideograms were pictures that symbolized an idea or some form of action. Eventually, demotic was developed. This was a simplified form of writing used on a daily basis. All of their official histories, however, were recorded using hieroglyphics. One of their most famous artifacts is the literary Rosetta Stone. After the decline of the New Kingdom, the meaning of most ancient hieroglyphics were forgotten, until the 1800s when Jean Champollion, a French scholar, discovered the Rosetta stone. He managed to decipher the meanings of the hieroglyphics from the flat, black stone because the symbols were also translated in demotic and Greek. This served as a savior for the Egyptian culture because they could now denote their ancestors’ recorded history. Besides pyramids, Egyptians created many other amazing buildings, such as the temple of Ramses II at Karnak. The many ancient arts of the Egyptians include carvings on temples, statues, and tomb paintings. These methods of art remained part of Egypt for thousands of

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